Adaptive Expertise in Pharmacy Education

January 17, 2023
1:00 p.m.–2:00 p.m. ET

Hosted by the Council of Faculties

Pharmacists regularly encounter novel problems that they could not have studied in school and may not yet have learned about through continuing professional development. As such, pharmacy educators must approach teaching in a manner that builds innovation, creativity, and flexibility. As a framework for pursuing these goals, adaptive expertise emphasizes the ability to handle new and difficult-to-anticipate problems that arise in everyday practice without sacrificing efficient task performance.


  1. Define routine versus adaptive expertise in the context of pharmacy practice.
  2. Describe how the adaptive expertise framework can support educators as we develop educational strategies that foster innovation, creativity, and flexibility alongside procedural competency.
  3. Explore three evidence-based strategies to develop adaptive expertise in pharmacy education.


Margarita DiVall
Clinical Professor
Northeastern University


Naomi Steenhof
Assistant Professor, Teaching Stream
Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto