Xenophobia in Healthcare: A Focus on Immigrant Health & Culture

May 10, 2021
4:00 p.m.–5:00 p.m. ET

Hosted by the Public Health SIG; developed and prepared in collaboration with the Health Disparities and Cultural Competency SIG and the Minority SIG.

Research has demonstrated communities that experience xenophobia—prejudice against those who are, or are perceived to be, foreign or outsiders—can have lasting harmful health and well-being effects. Xenophobia-driven discrimination in the United States has been seen immigrant communities from the Middle East; Africa; Central America, Caribbean Islands, and Asia, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal of this program is to gain understanding and explore methods pharmacists and educators can use to advocate for change. 


  1. To review the impact of xenophobia on various marginalized immigrant groups in the US as it pertains to health and well-being. 
  2. To explore the impact of xenophobia and discrimination on utilization of current health care programs and interventions.
  3. To identify strategies to enhance delivering health care programs interventions (e.g., COVID vaccination, telehealth) to immigrant communities.


Jennifer Ko, Pharm.D., MPH, BCACP
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Marshall B. Ketchum University College of Pharmacy

Melissa Reilly, PharmD, BCGP
Clinical Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice 
The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy


Sally Arif, PharmD, BCPS, BCCP
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Middle Eastern Pharmacist Association, Advisor
Midwestern University College of Pharmacy, Downers Grove Campus 

Akesha Edwards, PharmD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences
University of Findlay College of Pharmacy

Kimmy Nguyen, PharmD, BCACP, BC-ADM
Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist 
Volunteers in Medicine

Imbi Drame, PharmD
Assistant Professor
NTDP Program Manager
Department of Clinical and Administrative Sciences
Howard University College of Pharmacy

Sheila K. Wang, PharmD, BCPS, BCIDP 
Associate Professor Pharmacy Practice
Program Director, PGY2 Infectious Diseases Residency 
Midwestern University College of Pharmacy, Downers Grove Campus 

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